Monday, 16 September 2019

Fisherman Reels in A Dinosaur-Like Fish With Huge Eyes

Oscar Lundalh with the fish we got. image courtesy of BNPS, Fair use doctrine.

Joel Kontinen

An angler had big surprise for reeling in a fish that looked like a dinosaur. It looked weird and it had huge eyes.

The 19.year old man, Oscar Lundalh, was hoping to get halibut, but he got this ratfish instead in north Norway.

He almost left his vessel when he saw the fish that he had reeled in for half an hour, but the fish did not survive. He took it home to eat it, saying that it tasked a lot like cod.

This fish shows that today's fishes can be quite extraordinary. The one who made them knew what he was doing, even below the surface.


Fisherman gets shock as he reels in 'dinosaur-like' fish with huge eyes.2019. Sky News (15 September).

Saturday, 14 September 2019

Cambrian Creature Had a Multitool Head

Mollisonia plenovenatrix. Image courtesy of. Joanna Liang, Royal Ontario Museum, fair use doctrine.

Joel Kontinen

Cambrian animals could be versatile and have astounding features. The features show how they went on with their life.

"A spiky, armor-plated walking tank with bulging eyes, a shield on its butt and a head like a Swiss army knife scuttled along the seafloor more than 500 million years ago, snapping up prey with a deadly pair of mouth pincers called chelicerae.

Researchers discovered astoundingly well-preserved fossils of these thumb-size predators in 2012, and a new study recently described the creatures, determined to be a previously unknown species now dubbed Mollisonia plenovenatrix. Scientists have found dozens of fossils of this species in recent years that include preserved soft tissue of the mouthparts, along with the animals' multiple legs and bulbous eyes.

The findings were published on September 11 in the journal Nature.

Cambrian creatures can be amazing . They show us that God is the originator of this all.


Weisberger, Mindy. 2019. Nightmare Creature Had Egg-Shaped Eyes, Swiss Army Knife Head and a Butt Shield. Live Science (11 September).

Thursday, 12 September 2019

Giant Pterosaur Described in Canada

Image courtesy of PaleoEquii, CC BY-SA 4.0.

Joel Kontinen

A newly described species of giant pterosaur, called Cryodrakon boreas, has been discovered in Canada.

It had the a wingspan extending about 10 meters (33 feet) from tip to tip, “making it comparable in size to its monstrous azhdarchid cousin Quetzalcoatlus, researchers reported in a new study.”

Secular scientist believe it lived some 77 million to 74 million years ago during the Cretaceous period.

fossils form when there are “buried in layers of sediment and locked away from bacteria that break down organic matter.”.

Many of the best-preserved remains from millions of years ago belonged to animals that lived near seas or rivers, and pterosaurs at this time (including Cryodrakon) mostly lived inland, David Hone explained.

"And their bones are insanely thin, so they are very rare," he added. "We're lucky we have as much good material as we do

Big animals were not thought to live near the poles. The general way with them driving into the North could be the Flood of Noah’s time.

The findings were published online September 9 in the Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology.


Weisberger, Mindy. 2019. Meet 'Cold Dragon of the North Winds,' the Giant Pterosaur That Once Soared Across Canadian Skies.
Live Science

Tuesday, 10 September 2019

Thinking Is a Hard Problem For Darwinists

Image courtesy of Douglas O'Brien. CC BY-SA 2.0.

Joel Kontinen

What do we d with brains? Thoughts deny the Darwinian idea of life from scratch.

Darwinian Psychologists deny consciousness and free will – and have to resort to storytelling.

And, Darwinian theorists have to do with rock personalities.

And, then, our brains will help us to learn things quickly.

Live Science featured an article in which two scientists wondered why we think. They did not reach a conclusion. However, “Most thoughts are actually happening, in the background without us being aware of them, they say and ‘there's not really a way to turn these things off,’ Michael Halassa said.

Yes, it seems that thinking is a difficult problem for Darwinians.


Saplakoglu, Yasemin. 2019. Can We Ever Stop Thinking? Live Science (7. 9.).

Sunday, 8 September 2019

A Rare, Two-Headed Rattlesnake Fond In New Jersey

Image courtesy of Herpetological Associates of Burlington County/AP), Fair use doctrine.

Joel Kontinen

This might just be the think the Darwinists were hoping for- a snake with two heads, That’s is, they have gene duplication and hox genes, so why not?

However, not even Darwinists expect this to be so. “Bob Zappalorti, the CEO of the Herpetological Associates of Burlington County, an environmental consulting company that studies endangered reptiles and birds, among other animals, told the news outlet the snake ‘probably wouldn’t be able to survive in the wild.’”

”According to National Geographic. The rare genetic abnormality can hinder the snake’s ability to catch prey.

“Two-headed snakes are rare and typically do not survive for long in the wild, Snakes operate a good deal by smell, and if one head catches the scent of prey on the other's head, it will attack and try to swallow the second head,” National Geographic explained, adding two-head snakes develop similarly to Siamese twins when an embryo does not properly split into two.


Farber, Madeline. 2019. Rare, two-headed rattlesnake found in New Jersey 'probably wouldn't survive in the wild'. Fox News (6 September).

Friday, 6 September 2019

Palestinian Professor: There Is No Archaeological Proof of a Jewish Temple In Jerusalem

Berthold Werner, Public Domain.

Joel Kontinen

A Palestinian professor has said that there is no archaeological evidence for a Jewish museum in Jerusalem.

"Dr. Ghassan Weshah told Felesteen, a Gazan news service, in an interview this week that there was no archaeological evidence of a Jewish Temple on the Temple Mount.

One of the biggest lies of the Zionists with regard to the Al-Aqsa Mosque is that it was built on the ruins of the Temple, which was destroyed on August 21, 586 BCE,” Prof. Weshah said in the interview. “This is a false statement. There is no other building under the Al-Aqsa Mosque

This is a false statement. the rock declare that the Bible is true or that Jerusalem isn’t the capital of Israel.

The Waqf began built the Marwani Mosque in what was formerly called Solomon’s Stables in 1996, without a permit and in gross violation of the status quo agreement signed two years earlier in which Israel granted custodianship to Jordan.,, The builders used heavy equipment to clear the site, destroying artefacts of immense archaeological importance and damaging the structural integrity of the southern wall of the Temple Mount. The construction resulted in over 400 truckloads of material containing artefacts being removed from the Temple Mount and dumped in landfills."

"In the 1970’s,the beams were checked by a team of Israeli botanists who determined that most of them were cedars from Lebanon and some are Cyprus trees. They carried out Carbon-14 tests on several of the timbers. Some were determined to have been felled about 1,340 years ago which is approximately when al Aqsa Mosque was originally built. One cypress beam was determined to be was found to be 2,600 years, or around 630 BCE, around 50 years before the In the 1970’s, the beams were checked by a team of Israeli botanists who determined that most of them were cedars from Lebanon and some are Cyprus trees. They carried out Carbon-14 tests on several of the timbers. Some were determined to have been felled about 1,340 years ago which is approximately when al Aqsa Mosque was originally built. One cypress beam was determined to be was found to be 2,600 years, or around 630 BCE, around 50 years before the destruction of the First Temple

Jerusalem also hides many archaeological evidences that support the Bible.


Berkowitz, Adam Eliyahu. 2019. Palestinian Professor: Bible Lied About Jewish Temple on Temple Mount, No Archaeological Proof Breaking Israel News (6 September).

Wednesday, 4 September 2019

On Icy Moons, Alien Life May Go with the Flow of Ocean Currents

Enceladus. Image courtesy of NASA/JPL-Caltech.

Joel Kontinen

Oceans might host life. This is a discovery made by some scientists, who see a world teeming with life in our solar system.

T"These oceans are really interesting in and of themselves," Krista Soderlund, an expert on planetary fluid dynamics at the University of Texas at Austin and author of the new research, told "You often are first drawn to a satellite by what it looks like on its surface, but I think that what is going on beneath the surface is just as exciting and interesting."

She is now writing on Jupiter's moons Europa and Ganymede and on Saturn's moons Enceladus and Titan.

Her calculations suggest that the oceans on Enceladus and perhaps Titan could host currents in alternating bands and particularly strong heat flow near the poles. Europa, on the other hand, because its spin is less of a factor, seemed to sport the most noticeable heat flow near its equator.”

The latest research on oceans was published in a paper published on July 29 in the journal Geophysical Research Letters.

It seems that nothing can stop the secularist to claim that life exists – somewhere, but not created by God.

However, only God can give us life.


Bartels, Meghan. 2019. On Icy Moons, Alien Life May Go with the Flow of Ocean Currents. (3 September).

Monday, 2 September 2019

Evolutionists Belief that the Hyrax is an Elephant’s Relative

Image courtesy of Josski, Public Domain.

Joel Kontinen

do not look like hyraxes. Elephants are big and hyraxes are small, but evolutionists can say that some 50 millions years ago they shared an ancestor.

However, a Darwinian speculation accompanied this.


Currin, Grant, 2019. The Most Surprising Elephant Relatives on Earth. Life Science (2 September).

Saturday, 31 August 2019

Secularists propose an end to Snowball Earth

Image courtesy of Stephen Hudson, CC BY-SA 3.0.

Joel Kontinen

Researcher have found rocks that were forged 2.229 billion years ago, when an asteroid crashed into our planet. The rocks found in Australia, have come at a time that our planet endured the Snowball earth episode. They say that the crash caused a powerful greenhouse effect.

The Snowball Earth is a great problem that is still unanswered by science. As the belief is that the Sun was faint in the beginning, with only 70 per cent as powerful as now.

Other researchers are sceptical: they impact was just a third of the area that was said to killed off the dinosaurs some 66 millions of years ago, so how could it have such an effect on the climate?


Hand, Eric. World's oldest impact crater dated in Australian outback. Science 365 (6456), 852-853.

Thursday, 29 August 2019

For Evolutionists, It’s a Brand-New Ape that's Seen As Our Ancestor

Image courtesy of the Cleveland Museum of Natural History, fair use doctrine.

Joel Kontinen

"Researchers have discovered a nearly complete 3.8-million-year-old skull of an early ape-like human ancestor in Ethiopia.“It is called Australopithecus anamensis, and it could have existed “4.2 million years” ago.

"An analysis of the new specimen challenges ideas about how the first humans evolved from ape-like ancestors.

The current view that an ape named Lucy was among a species that gave rise to the first early humans may have to be reconsidered.

The discovery is reported in the journal Nature.

The skull was found by Prof Yohannes Haile-Selassie at a place called Miro Dora, which is in the Mille District of Ethiopia's Afar Regional State."

Evolutionists believed that Lucy was the ape that gave rise to humans. Lucy was made up of bones that belonged to a baboon, for instance. And it is now certain that she fell to earth from a tree.


Ghosh, Pallab,2019. All bets now off' on which ape was humanity's ancestor. BBC News (28 August).

Tuesday, 27 August 2019

We Could Detect Extraterrestrials Because They May Glow, Scientists Say

Image courtesy of Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary Staff, Public Domain.

Joel Kontinen

"Alien life-forms could glow in spectacular reds, blues and greens to shield themselves from stellar bursts of ultraviolet (UV) radiation. And that glowing light could be how we find them, according to a new study."

Most of the exoplanets we think are the most habitable, orbit red dwarfs, for instance Proxima Centauri or TRAPPIST-1.

However, if we don’t find aliens life there, the ones who seek for alien life have a great problem.

Glowing is not too surprising, Here on earth, some corrals protect themselves by glowing, says lead author Jack O'Malley-James, a research associate at the Cornell Center for Astrophysics and Planetary Science of the new research, posted in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.


Saplakoglu, Yasemin. 2019. We Could Detect Extraterrestrials Because They May Glow, Scientists Say. Live Science (23 August).

Sunday, 25 August 2019

Biodiversity on Some Alien Planets May Dwarf That of Earth

Kepler-62f. Image courtesy of NASA/Ames/JPL-Caltech.

Joel Kontinen

It seems that we don't have optimum ocean-circulation patterns on Earth.

"Earth's dazzling biodiversity may not be so remarkable in the cosmic scheme of things, a new study suggests.

Alien planets with more favourable ocean-circulation patterns might support life in even greater abundance and variety than our own world does, the study determined.

"Life in Earth's oceans depends on upwelling (upward flow), which returns nutrients from the dark depths of the ocean to the sunlit portions of the ocean where photosynthetic life lives," study leader Stephanie Olson, of the University of Chicago, said in a statement.

However, we do not know the state of affair on exoplanets. We do not know, for instance, if a planet's contains phosphorus, without which which we would not have RNA , DNA, and our ATP, and thus we would not have life. And also if it contains all ingredients that make life necessary.


Wall, Mike. Biodiversity on Some Alien Planets May Dwarf That of Earth. (23.8.).

Friday, 23 August 2019

Biblical War Revealed on 2,800-Year-Old Stone Altar

Image courtesy of Adam Bean, fair use doctrine.

Joel Kontinen

A 2,800-year-old altar found in the in the ancient city of Ataroth in Jordan, may shed light on an ancient biblical war. It describes a rebellion against the Kingdom of Israel.

The altar bears two inscriptions. The words are in the Moabite language and script, while the numerals in the inscriptions are in Hieratic (an Egyptian writing system). The altar appears to date to a time after Mesha, king of Moab, successfully rebelled against the Kingdom of Israel and conquered Ataroth (sometimes spelled Atarot), a city that the Kingdom of Israel had controlled.

At this time, Israel had broken into two. the northern kingdom had retained the name Israel and the southern kingdom called Judah.

"The altar reveals new details about a rebellion against the Kingdom of Israel", as described in the Bible.

It was Israel’s sin that brought the division of the land in two. However, the altar shows that the history of Israel, told in the Bible, can be trusted. as God never lies.


Jarus Owen. 2019. Biblical War Revealed on 2,800-Year-Old Stone Altar. Live Science (22.8.).

Wednesday, 21 August 2019

Short-term Comet Crashes into the Sun

Image courtesy of NASA/ESO/SOHO).

Joel Kontinen

Comets can be roughly divided into two categories: long-term comets, which orbit the sun in more than 200 years, and short-term comets, with an orbital period of 200 years or less. Some of them are so spectacular that they were though to augur doom. For instance,in 1066 Halley’s Comet preceded the Battle of Hastings, in which William the Conqueror defeated England’s Saxon king Harold.

It has been estimated that a comet will loose all its mass in under 100 000 years.This is a serious problem for the secular view of a 4.6 billion year old solar system. If the solar system were that old, we should not see any comets.

Now, it seems that a short-term comet, opposing the billions of years our solar system is assumedly based on.


Gohd, Chelsea , 2019. A Doomed Comet Just Fell Into the Sun. Here's the Video. Space. com. 16.8.

Monday, 19 August 2019

Foxes on Temple Mount Has Some Pointing to Lamentations 5 Prophecy

Image courtesy of National Park Service, Public Domain.

Joel Kontinen

A bible prophesy in lamentation 5:18 comes to mind for some readers, listening to a YouTube session on the Foxes on Temple Mount, as it says “Because of the mountain of Zion, which is desolate, with foxes walking about on it.”

Lamentations was written after Jerusalem was sacked by the Babylonians in BC 587. The final chapter of lamentations speaks about the restoration, as the temple would be rebuilt, with foxes playing on it.

Thus, for some Jews this speaks of the restoration on Jerusalem.



Harris, Jared. 2019. Foxes on Temple Mount Has Some Pointing to Lamentations 5 Prophecy. Western Journal (18 August).

Saturday, 17 August 2019

Bernie Sanders Pledges to Release Any Info About Aliens if He Gets Elected

Image courtesy of United States Congress, Public Domain.

Joel Kontinen

"Will space aliens become an election issue in 2020?"

"Presidential candidate Bernie Sanders says he's prepared to disclose any government information about unidentified flying objects (UFOs) — but only if he wins, and mainly because his wife, Jane, asked him to."

"Well I tell you, my wife would demand I let you know," Sanders told podcast host Joe Rogan on Tuesday (Aug. 8), according to Fox News, even promising he would announce the findings on the podcast.

"In June, U.S. President Donald Trump — who will run again for the Republican party in 2020 — told ABC News' George Stephanopoulos that he also received a briefing about recent sightings by military pilots. "I did have one very brief meeting on it," he said. "But people are saying they're seeing UFOs. Do I believe it? Not particularly."

UFOs have to be made by God. Nonetheless, the Bible does not say anything about them. However, if we believe that our planet is unique and that God has created life here, we will take a more skeptical approach to UFOs and aliens.

Nonetheless, the Bible does not say anything about them.

However, we'll still waiting for the least possible sigs of UFOs.


Howell, Elizabeth. 2019.Bernie Sanders Pledges to Release Any Info About Aliens If He's Elected in 2020. Live Science (11.8.).

Thursday, 15 August 2019

The Biggest Volcano on Jupiter's Moon Io Is Super Active

This image shows Loki Patera, spewing in the background.Image courtesy of NASA/JPL/USGS).

Joel Kontinen

Jupiter's moon Io should not have volcanos - but it does. However, the solar system's 14-billion years cannot maintain them.

If Io were really as old as some astronomers assume, it should be a dead moon.

But it isn’t.

Io’s volcanoes are active and surprisingly violent, suggesting that they could not have been spouting lava for millions of years.

Research on the volcanoes was published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters on August 8th.


Bartels, Meghan 2019. The Biggest Volcano on Jupiter's Moon Io Is Super Active. But Does It Run Like Clockwork? (13.8.).

Tuesday, 13 August 2019

Goliah Frogs Can Move Stones That Are Half Their Weight

Goliah Frog. Image courtesy of Ryan Somma, CC BY-SA 2.0.

Joel Kontinen

Goliath frogs build their own nursery ponds. “They can move stones that are half their weight.”

The 3.3 kilograms (7.3-lb) Goliath frog lives in Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea, and it can move stones that are 2 kilograms (4.4 lbs) in weight.

It's likely that the male frogs, which are more than 1.1 feet (34 centimeters) long, use "their huge and very muscular hind legs" to move the stones", Mark-Oliver Rödel, curator of herpetology at the Natural History Museum in Berlin says.

The study was the study was published in the Journal of Natural History.

It seems that these frogs rely on what the Book of Genesis says after its kind.


Geggel, Laura. World's Largest Frogs Can Move Rocks Half Their Weight ... for Their Wee Pollywogs. Live Science (10.8.).

Sunday, 11 August 2019

The Earth Is A Great Place To Stay, Compared To Venus

Imagine courtesy of NASA, Public Domain.

Joel Kontinen

Contrasted with the planets in our solar system, the Earth is a great place to stay.

While we might plan to go to Mars, Venus is Earth’s sister planet. only that its temperature is 370 degrees (700 degrees Fahrenheit), with clouds entire made up “by carbon dioxide and chokingly thick with an atmospheric pressure at the surface 90 carbon dioxide and chokingly thick with an atmospheric pressure at the surface 90 times that of Earth.

As an article in Space, com tells us, the times that of the Sun was normal in the beginning , but “as the sun aged, that habitable zone steadily moved outward. And as Venus approached the inner edge of that zone, things started to go haywire."

This would also happened to Earth, with the snowball Earth still an unsolved mystery.

" As the temperatures rose on Venus, the oceans began to evaporate, dumping a lot of water vapor into the atmosphere. This water vapor was very good at trapping heat, which further increased the surface temperatures, which caused the oceans to evaporate even more, which caused even more water vapor to get in the atmosphere, which trapped even more heat, and so on and so on as things spiralled out of control.”

This is what the article also claim will happen to Earth – 100 million years from today. However, the faint young sun paradox mentioned above would have resulted in a snowball Earth, killing all life.


Sutter, Paul. How Venus Turned into Hell, and How the Earth Is Next (8.8.).

Friday, 9 August 2019

Israeli Gift to The Crises Caused by The Flint River

Watergen was found by Arye Kohavi. Image courtesy of LolaShuka, CC BY-SA 4.0.

Joel Kontinen

How to you do, when the water is bad?

"Entrepreneur and talk show host Armstrong Williams donated a Watergen atmospheric water generator to the Greater Flint Holy Temple in Flint, Michigan.

The Greater Holy Temple became a main water distribution site in January 2016 in response to the Flint water crisis.

Bishop Roger Jones, the pastor of the Greater Holy Temple, feels the greatest gift was not the machine but something much greater: hope.

The crisis began in 2014 after the drinking water source for the city was changed from Lake Huron and the Detroit River to a less costly source of the Flint River. Due to insufficient water treatment, lead leached from water pipes into the drinking water, exposing over 100,000 residents to elevated lead levels. A federal state of emergency was declared in January 2016 and Flint residents were instructed to use only bottled or filtered water for drinking, cooking, cleaning, and bathing

Now, however, the water is good and the Watergren apparatus is excellent.


Berkowitz, Adam Eliyahu. 2019. Israeli Company Ensures Church in Michigan Never Drinks Poisoned Water Again.

Wednesday, 7 August 2019

Why Haven’t We Seen UFOs?

Image courtesy of Phylyp, CC BY-SA 4.0.

Joel Kontinen

Why haven’t we seen UFOs? In a long article, Kelsey Johnson points out that an unidentified flying object can have different meanings. Many would say that it refers to aliens.

We should also keep Oxfam’s razor in place, that is, that the simplest explanation could be true.

She reminds us of the object that fell in Rockwell in the 1940s and the famous Wow signal that happened in 1977. “An extremely strong narrow-band radio signal was detected by the Big Ear radio telescope at almost exactly the frequency of a fundamental hydrogen transition line (1420.41 MHz), which we expect an E.T. civilization might use to communicate. Fast-forward 40 years, and astronomers identify a previously unknown comet that was passing by back in 1977 and could have accounted for the "Wow!" signal.

We might also think about Fermi's Paradox. “In a nutshell, given some basic assumptions about life, one could reasonably conclude that our galaxy ought to be teeming with it. So as Enrico Fermi famously asked: "Where are they?" There are three main categories of solutions: First, life could be really, really, really hard to get going. Our very limited evidence on Earth suggests this is not so;
The second class of explanations suggests that there is, in fact, E.T. life, but we just haven't detected it. That could be because we just haven't looked very hard yet, or because we are not looking in the right way, or because they don't want us to see them. Given the age of the universe and our galaxy, if life isn't super-hard to emerge, we are statistically most likely to be osmic babies. In this context, E.T. life is likely to be millions of years more technologically advanced than we are. Thinking about how far our technology has come in the last 100 years, it is unfathomable to think what we might be capable of in a million. If we survive that long. If E.T. life is millions of years more advanced than we are, and they don't want us to know about them, I'm pretty sure we wouldn't know about them.

Then there is the third set of solutions to Fermi's paradox. These go along the lines of the following: Life has formed and evolved elsewhere. Maybe lots of times. But it doesn't exist now. There are lots of ways the universe could kill us, for example a major asteroid impact. If we were sufficiently technologically advanced, however, I give us a fighting chance. Or we might kill ourselves off. This is where Fermi's Paradox gets really depressing. We are in our technological adolescence, by which I mean we are smart enough to destroy ourselves, but maybe aren't smart enough not to do so. It could be that any civilization that becomes sufficiently technologically advanced is doomed to destroy itself.”

So we are still waiting for a signal that might never come.


Johnson, Kelsey. 2019. No E.T. Life Yet? Here's Why That's Important. Live Science (5 August)

Monday, 5 August 2019

This Super Earth Could Be Habitable, Secularists Claim

Image courtesy of NASA, Goddard Space Flight Cente.

Joel Kontinen

"An international group of astronomers discovered the planet using NASA's Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) earlier this year in the constellation Hydra, about 31 light-years from Earth." That corresponds to 10 trillion kilometres per year.

However, the planet that is called GJ 357 d stays quite near its sun. It is believed to be roughly twice the size of Earth and harbour six times Earth's mass. "Located in the outer edge of its host star's habitable zone, scientists believe that this super-Earth could have water on its surface."

GJ 357 b, a "hot Earth" that orbits 11 times closer to its host star than Mercury does to the sun and likely has a surface temperature of around 254 degrees Celsius or 490 degrees Fahrenheit.

So; it's not a healthy place to stay, unlike the Earth.


Rabie, Passant, 2019.Could There Be Life? This Newfound 'Super-Earth' May Be Habitable. Space com (31 July).

Saturday, 3 August 2019

Major Hypocrisy: Obama And Co. Flocking on to Italy with 114 Private Jets

image courtesy of of Giordale Di Scillia, Fair Use.

Joel Kontinen

"Former President Barack Obama along with actor Leonardo DiCaprio and singer Katy Perry are gathering this week for Google Camp’s summit in Sicily, Italy, where they’ll discuss saving the planet."

This is a far cry to what the Swedish teenager Greta Thunberg is doing. She will travel to the US in a zero-emissions ocean-going yacht.

According to mail online, Google has spent $ 20million for the conference. Prince Harry gave a “barefoot speech” at a secretive Google Camp climate change conference in Italy Actually, Barack Obama wasn’t seen there.

How exactly will such A-listers contribute to that cause? By flying on 114 private jets, an Italian news site reported.

If the guests took 114 flights from Los Angeles to Palermo, the private jets would release 100,000 kilograms of CO2


Luksic, JAMES . 2019. Major Hypocrisy: Obama, A-Listers Flocking to Google Summit on Climate Change in Private Jets, Yachts, Helicopters, Western Journal (July 31).

Thursday, 1 August 2019

A Mini-Neptune Cannot State How the Earth Was Formed

Image courtesy of Scott Wiessinger/NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center.

Joel Kontinen

Here’s what Science says:

“Three newly discovered exoplanets could help researchers redefine the shaky line between rocky and gaseous planets, according to new observations from NASA’s Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS). TESS, which marks its first year of operations this month, spotted the trio of planets some 73 light-years away from Earth. The exoplanets are of a type that does not exist in our solar system, being between the Earth and Neptune in size.

Three newly discovered exoplanets could help researchers redefine the shaky line between rocky and gaseous planets, according to new observations from NASA’s Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS). TESS, which marks its first year of operations this month, spotted the trio of planets some 73 light-years away from Earth. The exoplanets are of a type that does not exist in our solar system, being between the Earth and Neptune in size

However, there are very few planets that vary in sizes between 1,5 to 2 Earth radii This study does not solve, how the Earth was made. We know from Genesis that God created the world for us and it is the right size for us.


Clery, Daniel. 2019. Newly discovered exoplanet trio could unravel the mysteries of super-Earth formation. Science (29 July).

Tuesday, 30 July 2019

Milk Drinking by Fossils

Johannes Vermeer: The Milkmaid, public domain.

Joel Kontinen

Science reports the following:

One trait that is unique to mammals is milk suckling. Suckling requires the presence of stability and motion in the throat, both of which require a complex hyoid apparatus. Zhou et al. describe a mammaliform docodontan fossil from the Jurassic that was preserved with a nearly intact hyoid.

The abstract of the reports says this:

“ We report a new Jurassic docodontan mammaliaform found in China that is preserved with the hyoid bones. Its basihyal, ceratohyal, epihyal, and thyrohyal bones have mobile joints and are arranged in a saddle-shaped configuration, as in the mobile linkage of the hyoid apparatus of extant mammals.”

It is different from cynodonts, that are not mammals, so according to evolutionists it must have been surprise, leading to mammal’s ancestors.

This is just a Darwinian story, devoid of all true evidence.


Zhou, Chang-Fu et. al 2019. New Jurassic mammaliaform sheds light on early evolution of mammal-like hyoid bones. Science 365, 6450, 276-279. (19 July).

Sunday, 28 July 2019

Secularist Think That Tiny Pebbles May Be the Reason Most Planets Spin in The Same Direction

Image courtesy of NASA.

Joel Kontinen

A new article in New Scientist says that it has been a mystery why planets spin the same way as their stars do, This, it says, is contrary to the standard evolutionary model.

However, if posits: The standard model of planetary growth states that planets coalesce from giant rocks that are kilometres across.

Here’s their answer:

Models of that process result in planets that barely spin at all because similar amounts of boulders hit the fledgling planet from all sides.

Now, how could you get similar amounts of boulders hitting all planets from all sides? that is still a problem for the standard model.

Planet-formation theories have been challenged or killed by recent finds.


Crane, Leah. 2019. Tiny pebbles may be the reason most planets spin in the same direction. New Scientist.

Friday, 26 July 2019

Elephants Store More Carbon by Destroying Smaller Plants

Image courtesy of Amoghavarsha JS, CC BY-SA 3.0.

Joel Kontinen

Elephants do a lot to keep us from the summer’s heat. An article in New Scientist says:

“Elephants do a lot of damage to plants as they stomp around the jungle, but, counterintuitively, this activity increases the biomass of the forest, letting it store more carbon.

If elephants were to go extinct, the amount of carbon stored in central African rainforests could ultimately fall by 7 per cent, according to a new analysis."

So, plant trees and let elephants roam the savannas and forests.


Wong, Sam. 2019. Elephants help forests store more carbon by destroying smaller plants New Scientist (15 July).

Wednesday, 24 July 2019

Beavers Help Moose and Otters

Image courtesy of Cszmurlo, Cc By-Sa 3.0.

Joel Kontinen

Beavers are known to clean polluted waters. Some evolutionists assume that a beaver could be the whale ancestor.

Nature is not necessarily red in tooth and claw. Even in the post-Fall world, we can see glimpses of peace, co-operation and goodness that defy naïve Darwinian explanations.

Here’s now New Science writes about beavers:

"A whole host of different mammals appear to benefit from having beavers in the area. In forests where beavers have been introduced in Finland, their presence is linked to increased activity of several species, including moose, otters, and weasels.

Beavers are described as 'ecosystem engineers' because their dam-building work has such a huge effect on habitats. Both the Eurasian beaver and the American beaver were almost driven extinct by hunting in the early 20th century, but they have since recovered in North America."


Wong, Sam. 2019. Beavers engineer their ecosystems in a way that helps moose and otters. New Scientist (5 July).

Monday, 22 July 2019

The Men Who Took The Bible to The Moon

Ed Mitchell on the Moon. Image courtesy of NASA.

Joel Kontinen

Last year, Science Daily had an interesting news item on the men who took the bible to the Moon.

"A rare, miniature Bible that travelled on board NASA's Apollo 14 mission in 1971 is up for auction, with bidding — currently underway — starting at $50,000.

Along with the microform King James Bible, which is mounted and framed in a gold-and-enamel setting, the auction lot includes two certificates of authenticity. One document was signed by Apollo 14 astronaut Edgar Mitchell, verifying that the Bible made a lunar landing; the other was signed by the Rev. John M. Stout, a NASA information scientist and the director of the Apollo Prayer League (APL), which organized the moon visits of this and other lunar Bibles.

In 1971, Mitchell carried 100 Bibles to the moon's surface. Only 11 copies of the Apollo 14 lunar Bibles bear letters of authenticity signed by both Mitchell and Stout, and of those, seven copies remain in circulation, NSA representatives wrote in the catalogue.

The plan commerorates apollo 1 Astronault Edward White, "who wanted to bring a Bible to the moon but never made it there. White died when a fire ignited during a launch rehearsal on Jan. 27, 1967; the blaze also claimed the lives of two other astronauts, Virgil "Gus" Grissom and Roger Chaffee."

"Not all of the spacebound Bibles made it back to Earth. One paper copy of a Bible with a red cover — brought to the moon on the Apollo 15 mission — still rests on an abandoned Lunar Roving Vehicle dashboard, left by astronaut David Scott."

It also seems that the Bibles brought on the Apollo capsules had to do with the well-being of the crew.

So it seems that the bible-believing astronauts had a lot in common with the one who originally took the bible to the moon or to its nearabouts.


Weisberger, Mindy. 2018. Rare 'Lunar Bible' That Visited the Moon Is Up for Auction, Live Science (24.8.)

Saturday, 20 July 2019

Astronauts who worshipped God

Buzz Aldrin on the moon. Image courtesy of NASA.

Joel Kontinen

Now, when 50 years have passed on the firsts moon landing. Here are some of the first creationist astronauts.

In December 1968 Apollo 8 astronauts Frank Borman, Jim Lovell and William Anders orbited the moon. They read the first ten verses of Genesis as a Christmas greeting to the inhabitants of ”the good earth”:

“In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. And God said, Let there be light: and there was light. And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness.

And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day. And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters. And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so. And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day.

And God said, Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so. And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas: and God saw that it was good.

Dr. Wernher von Braun (1912 –1977), the father of the Apollo programme, was also a Bible-believing Christian.

Then there was Buzz Aldrin, who after the landing celebrated communion for himself, as an antitheist had spoken of the reading by the Apollo 8 of creation. He also read Psalm 8:3-4 on the return trip.

Charlie Duke, capsule communicator for Apollo 11, spoke to Armstrong and Aldrin from Houston during the tense moments of the moon landing. He later walked on the moon himself during Apollo 16 in April 1972. Duke and his wife had been nominal Christians, but years after Apollo, he followed his wife in full commitment to Christ.

Apollo 15 astronaut creation James Irwin in the November 2013 issue of Acts and Facts. Irwin, who spent over 295 hours on the Moon, was a firm believer in the Genesis account of creation.

Many times he said that Jesus walking on Earth was far more important than mankind walking on the Moon.

Thursday, 18 July 2019

Cockatoo Proves Rock Transcends Species

Image courtesy of Irena Schulz, Fair Use.

Joel Kontinen

Birds of a feather flock together, but this cockatoo rocks alone. A new study reveals that the internet-famous cockatoo named Snowball can do more than just bust moves — whether headbanging, wildly tapping its foot or gyrating its mohawked head — in sync with the beat of the music. The parrot creates his own steps as well.” Snowball surprised the researchers again. "

Aniruddh Patel, a professor of psychology at Tufts University in Massachusetts did some tests with snowball in 2009.

“’ After that study, we noticed him doing new movements to music that we hadn't seen before,’ Patel, said. These new moves were Snowball's own creations; they weren't modeled after any cavorting from his owner, Irena Schulz, nor was he trained (for instance, no food rewards were involved) as he came up with this new repertoire, Patel said.”

The study was published online on July 8 in the journal Current Biology.

Cockatoos are a hard case for evolutionists. They are
better tool users
than chimps and can make music with a stick, something that chimps don't. Playing rock is just one of their many achievements.


Geggel, Laura. 2019. Cockatoo Who Taught Self to Head-Bang Proves Rock Transcends Species. Live Science (8 July).

Tuesday, 16 July 2019

Ravioli Starfish Makes Your Mouth Water

Image courtesy of NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration and Research, Windows to the Deep 2019.

Joel Kontinen

A dive by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's recent expedition to the deep Atlantic Ocean produced a photo of a ravioli-type organism. The Plinthaster dentatus looked just like ravioli.

The starfish, that for evolutionists is a living fossil – they came into being during the Cambrian Period – and they testify of Creation’s After Its Kind thesis mentioned in the book of Genesis.

Their skills baffle scientists and they inspire bioengineering and robotics.

They are wonderfully made.


Whitcomb, Isobel. 2018. Don't Be Confused If This Starfish Makes Your Mouth Water. Live Science. (15 July).

Sunday, 14 July 2019

Why Haven’t All Primates Turned Into Humans, Evolutionists Ask?

Image courtesy of Thomas Lersch, CC BY-SA 3.0.

Joel Kontinen

Biology has taken a non-Darwinian turn. Now, they are asking whether all primates have evolved into humans. This is a case of predestination against which some scientist say we should refrain from.

Even Darwinian just so stories are full of goal-orientation and teleology.

It seems that the problems evolution is facing are not about to disappear anytime soon.

As a story in live science says,

"While we were migrating around the globe, inventing agriculture and visiting the moon, chimpanzees — our closest living relatives — stayed in the trees, where they ate fruit and hunted monkeys.

Modern chimps have been around for longer than modern humans have (less than 1 million years compared to 300,000 for Homo sapiens, according to the most recent estimates), but we've been on separate evolutionary paths for 6 million or 7 million years. If we think of chimps as our cousins, our last common ancestor is like a great, great grandmother with only two living descendants."

Then comes the result:

"The reason other primates aren't evolving into humans is that they're doing just fine," Briana Pobiner, a paleoanthropologist at the Smithsonian Institute in Washington, D.C., told Live Science. All primates alive today, including mountain gorillas in Uganda, howler monkeys in the Americas, and lemurs in Madagascar, have proven that they can thrive in their natural habitats."

The article also takes about ants, who have excel in things we don’t. And they are successful. And it takes on the message of why our primates left the trees. however, it speaks of goal-orientation and predestination!


Currin, Grant. 2019, Why Haven't All Primates Evolved into Humans? Live Science (14 July).

Friday, 12 July 2019

Sparrow from Dinosaur Times

Image courtesy of Zhongda Zhang / Current Biology.

Joel Kontinen

Current Biology has published data on one of the “first” case of a sparrow. It was dated at 99 million years ago.

However According to a Science articles, all Burmese dates entombed in amber rely on a single date.This is something that the researchers should thing about. Nonetheless, for instance National Geographic had this to say:

One of these ancient fliers might resemble a modern sparrow—except for its bizarrely long toes, an adaptation never before seen in any bird, living or dead.

The newly described bird, Elektorornis chenguangi, was found entombed within less than six grams of amber, scientists report today

Yes, a sparrow was found in the age of the dinosaurs. It looked like a sparrow, and it probably also acted like one.

They claim that the region from where the fossil was found “was home to coastal forests full of trees that oozed tree resin.”

I would say that it speaks more of Noah’s Flood. It has left reminiscences everywhere, for instance the Heavitree Gap in Australia.


Greshko, Michael. 2019: Ancient bird foot found in amber has bizarrely long toes. National Geographic (12 July).

Wednesday, 10 July 2019

Don't Sing To Your Flowers

Trees sleep at night.

Joel Kontinen

Do not sing to your flowers. A new study says that plants don’t have emotions.

Plant science biology is complex and fascinating, but it differs so greatly from that of animals that so-called evidence of plants' intelligence is intriguing but inconclusive, the scientists wrote.” says Mindy Weisberger in live science, article.

She also shows that the shows that the scientist in a new study are grumpy.

She interviewed the lead study author Lincoln Taiz, a professor emeritus of molecular, cell and developmental biology at the University of California Santa Cruz, who said .that since 2006, some researchers have claimed that plants possess neuron-like cells that interact with hormones and neurotransmitters, forming "a plant nervous system, analogous to that in animals."

The new research on plant biology is threat to the tree’s talking, as some researchers have said, And we know that some plants and the Venus flytrap knows how to count.

Yes, plants aren’t animals – but they do have all sorts of tricks.

The study was published online on July 3 in the journal Trends in Plant Science.


Weisberger, Mindy. 2019. Don't Waste Your Emotions on Plants, They Have No Feelings. Grumpy Scientists Say. Live Science (10 July).

Monday, 8 July 2019

Unusually Large “2-Billion-Year-Old Microbe” Fossils Reveal Clues About Our Ancient World

Image courtesy of Andrea Corpolongo, Fair Use.

Joel Kontinen

Not all fossils are big remains of dinosaurs. Some of them are tiny blobs that most scientist say would be cyanobacteria that evolutionists are hailing as the first true organism of any kind:

Scientists recently discovered some of these blobs in the form of 2.5-billion-year-old fossils of primitive bacteria. These ancient microbes are likely cyanobacteria, but they are unusually large and have weird shapes protruding from them, said Andrew Czaja, an associate professor at the University of Cincinnati, who presented his findings on Wednesday (June 26) at the Astrobiology Science Conference.

If these fossils really are cyanobacteria, they could be some of the primitive organisms, or their ancestors, that helped transform our atmosphere by pumping it with oxygen. But not everyone is convinced.

"The newly discovered fossils come from a period 100 million to 200 million years before the Great Oxidation Event — when our atmosphere went from having no oxygen to having a little bit."

Evolutionists "agree that "This is a very important time in Earth's history, both in terms of the evolution of the Earth but also the evolution of life," Czaja told Live Science..”

While in south Africa, he saw a “cool-looking rock, called a stromatolite, which is made up of layers of limestone and sediments left behind by cyanobacteria.”

He brought them home to tell his students. . after which “Andrea Corpolongo, a doctoral student also at the University of Cincinnati, then began to analyse the rock under a microscope. The fossils turned out to be hollow spheres made of an organic compound called kerogen. Some of those spheres were oblong and some had weird protrusions coming off them.

However, some of the cyanobacteria are bigger than the ones we find today.

Anyhow, if the fossils are genuine, it shows that the living fossils are a to reason to doubt evolution, and if they’ve not, so we have a better reason to doubt want Darwin said.


Saplakoglu,, Yasemin. 2019. Unusually Large 2-Billion-Year-Old Microbe Fossils Reveal Clues About Our Ancient World. Live Science (4 July).

Sunday, 7 July 2019

The Weirdest Stars Leave Astronomers Baffled

Image courtesy of NASA/IPAC, WISE/Dr. Dennis Bogdan, Public Domain.

Joel Kontinen

Some exoplanets are weird. And some have become even weirder.

A pair of stars about 360 light years away experienced 28 dips in their light over the course of 87 days, measurements that would normally indicate an orbiting system of planets – except that the timings of the dips seem totally random. Astronomers are completely stumped.”

They first thought aliens were the result of this.

The stars, collectively called HD 139139, were spotted behaving strangely by the Kepler space telescope before it ran out of fuel and ceased observations. Kepler hunted exoplanets by watching for regular decreases in stars’ light caused by a planet passing between the star and the telescope on its orbit. These passes are called transits.

The dips in HD 139139’s light look just like transits, all similar in size and shape, but when Andrew Vanderburg at the University of Texas at Austin and his colleagues took a closer look at the data, they found that their timings seemed totally random – the researchers calculated that no more than four of the dips could be caused by the same orbiting object

Then Leah Crane put some of her alien reading skills into the picture. She claims “variations might be caused by a huge alien structure that has been constructed around the stars.

However, Vanderburg and his colleague Osborn think it’s not. They say that we might easily put something we can’t explain to be achieved by aliens until a reason or two for saying in wasn’t them after all.

This has happened in the quest for exoplanets. Complex life might require a very narrow habitable zone.

Some sightings will tend to be become failures and some will even define how we could interpret planet formation theories, For instance, hot exoplanets challenge planet-formation theories.

What is obvious is that Earth is a unique planet, just like Genesis said. Some astronomers are willing to admit that there’s no place like home in the entire universe.


Crane. Leah. 2019. The weirdest stars we've ever seen have astronomers utterly baffled. New Scientist (2 July).

Thursday, 4 July 2019

Panspermia Can’t Solve the Origin of Life Hypothesis

Image courtesy of NASA.

Joel Kontinen

Samples of a particular group of primitive meteorites — including a large one that fell near Murchison, Australia, in 1969 — all contain cyanide, bound in a stable configuration with iron and carbon monoxide. These same sorts of structures are found in enzymes called hydrogenases in modern bacteria and archaea, which could suggest that early life either borrowed from meteorites or that early Earth's geology formed the same kind of cyanide compounds, said study co-author Michael Callahan, an analytical chemist Boise State University.

The cyanide seems to have survived billions of years in space and a fiery trip to rest in icy Antarctica because it was bound up in a stable configuration with carbon monoxide and iron. ‘It's this really classical inorganic chemistry,’ Callahan said.

“Callahan and his colleagues reported their work June 25 in the journal Nature Communications.

Naturalistic origin of life research has always been a more or less messy affair. The problem with their origin of life scenes is always the same: they don’t work.

This is can’t have happened here so they think it might have happened somewhere else. but introducing a comet in 1969. This is clearly panspermia, or the view that life evolved from somewhere else.

The problem with this is the thing that somewhere life has to be made, just making the the universe do the trick only make matters difficult for researchers, as they have to fathom where it all started.

And we know that the universe is guided by reason and it is intelligently designed. God says it happened here, so why cannot we just believe His words?


Pappas, Stephanie. 2019. Cyanide-Laced Meteorites May Have Seeded Earth's First Life. Live Science (28 June).

Tuesday, 2 July 2019

First Interstellar Visitor 'Oumuamua Probably Isn't an Alien Spacecraft, Scientists Conclude

Image courtesy of ESO/M Kornmesser, nagualdesign, CC BY-SA 4.0.

Joel Kontinen

In 2o18, Harvard's Avi Loeb suggested that 'Oumuamua was an alien spacecraft.

It was first thought to be a comet. However, 'Oumuamua “is cigar-shaped, measuring about 200 metres in length (650 feet) and 34 metres wide (114 feet), and rotates once every seven hours. It was also found to be accelerating instead of slowing down—a discovery that was difficult to explain.

Now, “a study published in Nature Astronomy, an international team of researchers has concluded 'Oumuamua has a ‘purely natural origin,’ and that a host of natural phenomena can explain it.”

Sometimes, scientists view of the universe might be wrong. More and more space signals have turn to be false.

Almost all signals caused by interstellar signals have been false.


Osborne, Hannah. 2019. First Interstellar Visitor 'Oumuamua Probably Isn't an Alien Spacecraft, Scientists Conclude. Newsweek (1 July).

Sunday, 30 June 2019

Sharks – A Group of Living Fossils Over 420 Million Years Old

Image courtesy of Terry Goss, CC BY-SA 3.0).

Joel Kontinen

Sharks have been around for at least “420 million years.”

Evolutionists believe that they have survived four of the “big five” mass extinctions. A New Scientist article says that they are “older than humanity, older than Mount Everest, older than dinosaurs, older even than trees.

Darwinists believe that they possess "some unusual qualities that allow them to be super-adaptable in the face of change, including a fondness for hanging out around underwater volcanoes."

"Sharks, along with rays, skates and chimaeras, make up a group of fish known as chondrichthyes, characterised by a cartilaginous skeleton."

At least some sharks can eat seagrass as they diet. Darwinists believe that they are living fossils that few animals can attain. At least one species knows how to evade sharks.


Joel, Lucas. 2019. The secrets of how sharks survived so many of Earth's mass extinctions. New Scientist (26 June).

Saturday, 29 June 2019

Origin of Life Experts Say That Phosphine Can Be a Harbinger of Life

Image courtesy of EPS file pollu.eps from UNECE web site converted with ImageMagick convert and with potrace, edited in inkscape, public domain.

Joel Kontinen

Phosphine, a horrible-smelling gas that's toxic to life on Earth, could signal the existence of alien life-forms elsewhere in the universe. Why such E.T. would produce the gas is still speculative, but they could be using it as a form of cellular communication.”
”Here on Earth phosphine is an ‘extremely flammable, incredibly toxic, outrageously foul-smelling molecule.

Here on this Earth, “Traces of this gas can be found in sewage, marshlands, the intestinal tracts of fish and human babies, in rice fields and in the faeces of penguins.”

These have something in common: “They have no oxygen.

Clara Sousa-Silva, a molecular astrophysics postdoctoral associate at MIT, and "her team wanted to see how plausible it would be to detect phosphine on various exoplanets. They also “found that under certain conditions, they could indeed detect the presence of phosphine by measuring how it interacts with light.”

So, smelly on Earth, but exoplanet designers think that it could also harbour signs of life.

Just recently, scientist concluded that there were no signs of aliens for the closest 1 300 stars.

Then we heard that alien life could only exists in half the places we thought. And even that was an exaggeration.

And before that we learnt that exoplanets could not form without phosphorus.


Saplakoglu, Yasemin. 2019. On Alien Worlds, Extraterrestrials Could Be Spewing a Toxic, Smelly Gas.That's How We Could Find Them. Live Science (25 June).

Wednesday, 26 June 2019

Thorny Devils Grow Giant Legs To Be Big And Strong - And To Marry

Image courtesy of Peter Halasz., CC BY-SA 2.5.

Joel Kontinen

"True to their name, stick insects are famous for their spindly legs and lithe brown or green bodies that let them blend in with their environments. Males are typically much smaller than females. But tree lobsters—which include New Guinea’s thorny devil (Eurycantha calcarata) and the Lord Howe Island stick insect (Dryococelus australis)—are a glaring exception.

Giant, cigar-size males sport thick hind legs tipped with powerful spines. Now, researchers know why these tree lobsters bulk up:

No, it’s not caused by evolution; it’s a natural scheme to get the best girl or wives, As a article on Nautilus states: that animals might have been genetically complex from the start … complex body parts evolved multiple times and had also been lost.”

The tree insects wanted to be big and strong, That is the explanation, no evolution involved here.


Pennisi, Elizabeth. 2019. Thorny devils grow giant legs to pin rivals.
(25 June)

Monday, 24 June 2019

Aquifers in the Atlantic – Might Speak about Noah’s Flood

Image courtesy of Gustafson et al., 2019; CC BY 4.0.

Joel Kontinen

A new study shows that there is a gigantic freshwater aquifer below the Atlantic ocean.

While the aquifer's exact size is still a mystery, it may be the largest of its kind, taking up a region stretching from at least Massachusetts to southern New Jersey, or 350 kilometres (or nearly 220 miles). The area includes the coastlines of New York, Connecticut and Rhode Island. This aquifer may contain about 2,800 cubic kilometres (670 cubic miles) of slightly salty water.

The cause of this aquifer is murky: scientist say that it likely came into being some 20,000 – 15,000 years ago, during the ice age.

The study was published online June 18 in the journal Scientific Reports.

There is a more special emphases for this, the flood of Noah’s days has also left acquifers (huge lake under the Andes, the semi/deserts of Northern Kenya, ice river flowing below the ice in Greenland.

Yes, popular scientist are asking: Does Earth make its own water?

When we take a look at God’s book of guidance –- it is very possible it does.


Geggel, Laura. 2019. A Massive Freshwater Sea Is Buried Beneath the Atlantic Ocean. .Live Science (24 June).