Saturday, 24 March 2018

Clever (Talking?) Trees Defy Darwinian Expectations

Darwin was totally ignorant of the surprisingly elegant ways that trees communicate with each other.

Joel Kontinen

Do Trees Talk to Each Other? Peter Wohlleben is a German forester who believes that they do.

Recent years have brought about amazing discoveries about trees and other plants.

We now know that trees sleep at night.

They have their own wood wide web (www) through which they share information.

Flowering plants are almost as clever; they have their e-mail system through which they engage in shoot to root communication.

In his book The Hidden Life of Trees: What They Feel, How They Communicate, originally published in German as Das geheime Leben der Bäume, Peter Wohlleben discusses the amazingly communal life of trees.

Entering his world of trees is like stepping into a fairy tale where trees are very much alive.

Smithsonian Magazine gives us a hint of what is going on:

The trees have become vibrantly alive and charged with wonder. They’re communicating with one another, for starters. They’re involved in tremendous struggles and death-defying dramas. To reach enormousness, they depend on a complicated web of relationships, alliances and kinship networks.

Wise old mother trees feed their saplings with liquid sugar and warn the neighbors when danger approaches. Reckless youngsters take foolhardy risks with leaf-shedding, light-chasing and excessive drinking, and usually pay with their lives. Crown princes wait for the old monarchs to fall, so they can take their place in the full glory of sunlight. It’s all happening in the ultra-slow motion that is tree time, so that what we see is a freeze-frame of the action.

This is as far as one could get from the Darwinian world in which trees are “striving, disconnected loners, competing for water, nutrients and sunlight, with the winners shading out the losers and sucking them dry.”

Instead of competing, trees form alliances, even with other species.

Smithsonian Magazine tries in vain to preserve at least a tweeny weeny bit of evolution, but the message emanating from the woods is clear: Darwin’s time has gone. Intelligent design explains tree sociology (if we can call it that) much better.


Grant, Richard. 2018. Do Trees Talk to Each Other? Smithsonian Magazine. (March).

Thursday, 22 March 2018

Evolution Can Explain Cancer But Hardly Anything Else

Charles Darwin’s famous “I Think” sketch, 1837. Public domain. It might explain cancer but hardly anything else.

Joel Kontinen

Nothing in Biology Makes Sense Except in the Light of Evolution is the title on an essay Theodosius Dobzhansky (1900–1975) wrote for the American Biology Teacher magazine in 1973.

Recently, Mel Greaves, who seems to be a firm believer in Darwinian medicine, wrote an article entitled Nothing in cancer makes sense except…

The name is no accident, as Greaves references Dobzhansky’s essay and tries to persuade his readers that evolution can explain cancer.

It is perhaps a very fitting meaning of evolution, as even in theory, Darwinism can only break things and never make them.

Our cells have several strategies for getting rid of rogue or unwanted growth that could cause cancer, for instance apoptosis or programmed cell death and phagocytosis or the process of self-eating, where cells called macrophages or ‘big eaters’ (μακρος, makros ‘large’ and φαγειν. phagein ‘eat’) devour damaged cells.

These mechanisms are the opposite of Darwinian evolution.

This is not the first time Darwinists invoke cancer as an explanation for evolution.


Greaves, Mel et al. 2018. Nothing in cancer makes sense except… BMC Biology201816:22 (21 February).

Monday, 19 March 2018

Ancient Deer Turned into a Whale in New Darwinian Tale

Some think Ambulocetus looked like this. Image courtesy of Nobu Tamura, CC BY-SA 4.0.

Joel Kontinen

Darwinian stories can be both fascinating and bizarre – at the very same time.

Marine creatures left the sea because they saw food on land. Now New Scientist is telling us that land creatures returned to the sea as the shallow waters were so full of food.

This time it was supposed to be a deer that metamorphosed into a whale.

Thus, in a typical Darwinian scenario, the poor creatures kept on going back and forth until they found their preferred element.

In the early 1980s, evolutionists announced the discovery of Pakicetus, the grandmother of all marine whales, with great fanfare.

They believe that it lived ”52 million years” ago.

A diving Pakicetus made it to the cover of Science.

Later, after they found more bones, they had to acknowledge that Pakicetus was a land animal.

Then in 2011, researchers found a whale jawbone in Antarctica. “Dated” at 49 million years, it almost as old as its assumed land-loving ancestor, leaving far too little time for evolution.

There are other difficulties as well.

Mathematician and philosopher Dr. David Berlinski calculated that a cow-like creature living on dry land would have needed at least 50, 000 morphological changes for a move to the sea.

From skin to the breathing apparatus, almost everything had to be changed if the cow wanted to stay alive in its new watery environment.

Like transforming a car into a submarine, it would have needed an enormous amount of changes, making the entire scenario impossible.


Barras, Colin. 2018. Why ancient deer returned to the sea and became whales. New Scientist (19 March).

Sunday, 18 March 2018

Relicts of Noah’s Flood and the Ice Age in Sahara

The Sahara was once wetter. Image courtesy of Luca Galuzzi, CC BY-SA 2.5.

Joel Kontinen

The Sahara desert was once a lot wetter place than it is today (although some parts got a brief snow cover recently).

It is very likely that this wet epoch followed Noah’s Flood, which obviously left the ground wetter than it is now, and the ice age that followed would also have kept moisture in the ground.

A paper published in the journal Nature Plants written by researchers from the universities of Huddersfield, Rome and Modena & Reggio Emilia finds evidence for cultivating and storing cereals.

According to Science Daily, “a chemical analysis of pottery from the site demonstrates that cereal soup and cheese were being produced.”

They believe that this was at a time (ca. 8,000 BC) when humans were supposed to be hunter-gatherers. The timing is way off by 4,000 years or so.

The Sahara also holds – or has held – other relics from the Flood, such as an imposing natural archway and a catfish fossil.


University of Huddersfield. 2018. The absence of ants: Entomologist confirms first Saharan farming 10,000 years ago. Science Daily (16 March).

Friday, 16 March 2018

“Sea Monster” Fossil Shows Darwin-Defying Diversity in Cambrian Era Brains

Kerygmachela kierkegaardi might have looked like this. Image courtesy of Apokryltaros, CC BY 2.5.

Joel Kontinen

For Charles Darwin, the sudden appearance of complex animals in the Cambrian was a huge dilemma.

And since then, the situation has become even worse. In 2012 University of Bath evolutionary biologist Matthew Wills acknowledged that Cambrian fossils “can cause a real headache for evolutionary biologists.”

Cambrian creatures tend to be far too complex for evolution.

Some, like Chengjiangocaris kunmingensis, have a very complex brain. Science reported that a shrimp-like creature dubbed Fuxianhuia protensa presumably did a fair amount of thinking.”

We can also see Darwin-defying diversity in Cambrian creatures.

Kerygmachela kierkegaardi is a 25 cm (10 in.) long “sea monster” found in Greenland.

Assumed to be “520 million years” old, it is “a bizarre, oval-shaped water beast that had two long appendages on its head, 11 swimming flaps on each side and a skinny tail,” Live Science quotes palaeontologist Jakob Vinther as saying.

The researchers also found 15 fossilized brains, which differed considerably from other Cambrian Era brains by being slightly less complex:

An anatomical analysis showed that K. kierkegaardi's brain innervated the creature's large eyes and the frontal appendages it used to grasp its tasty victims, the researchers said.”

Darwinians could never have expected to see such diversity in Cambrian animals.


Geggel, Laura. 2018. Fossilized Brains of Ancient 'Sea Monster' Discovered in Greenland. Live Science. (15 March).

Wednesday, 14 March 2018

Don’t Expect to Find Little Green Men on New Exoplanet K2-155d

Kepler found some new exoplanets. Image courtesy of NASA Ames/ W Stenzel, Public Domain.

Joel Kontinen

This time there’s less fanfare and speculation. Two papers published in the Astronomical Journal introduce us to 15 new exoplanets some 200 light years from us.

The post promising candidate is K2-155d that orbits a bright red dwarf. It obviously has a radius 1.6 times that of Earth’s.

Researchers think that K2-155d “could be a super-Earth located within the habitable zone,” as an article in International Business Times put it.

Once again, they are speculating about water, but there’s a big hitch.

" ‘In our simulations, the atmosphere and the composition of the planet were assumed to be Earth-like, and there's no guarantee that this is the case,’ Teruyuki Hirano, the lead researcher of the new study, from the Tokyo Institute of Technology, said in a statement.”

And then come the problems: Dwarf stars tend to be unstable and bombard their planets with intense solar flares.

These planets are probably tidally locked like Mercury in our solar system, with the same side always facing its sun.

It is very likely that this applies to the Trappist-1 system and to Proxima-b, and now we’ll probably have to add K2-155d to the list of has-beens.

What is more, getting from being habitable to actually having life is an enormous leap that naturalistic processes cannot pull off.

Life, as Louis Pasteur showed, only comes from life.


Ashok, India Aishani. 2018. 15 New Exoplanets Discovered Near Solar System, One Could Have Liquid Water. International Business Times (3 March).

Monday, 12 March 2018

Darwinian Psychologist Wants to Create Human-Chimp Hybrids

Image courtesy of Delphine Bruyere, CC BY-SA 3.0.

Joel Kontinen

Human exceptionalism is a Darwinian enigma, but they are very reluctant to give up the notion that we are mere animals.

At times, they use bizarre means in trying to convince others of our assumed apehood.

Recently, an outlandish rumour surfaced. It claimed that in the 1920s a female chimpanzee was supposedly inseminated with human semen and gave birth to a “humanzee” in a US research centre that was established in the 1930s.

Russian biologist Ilya Ivanovich Ivanov (1870 –1932) also attempted to produce a human-chimp hybrid, but his experiments failed., as such a hybrid is biologically impossible.

Now, University of Washington psychology professor emeritus David P. Barash wants to use the gene-editing CRISPR technology to create human–chimp hybrid.

Barash hates Christianity and aims to show that humans are nothing more than apes though all the evidence points to creation.

Why, then, are some hybrids possible?

While lions and tigers are currently classified as different species, they belong to the same Genesis kind, and can thus produce ligers.

The same applies to zonkeys (donkey + zebra), geeps (goat + sheep) and grolars (grizzly bear + polar bear).

These hybrids show us exactly the opposite of what Prof. Barash wants us to believe. They confirm the Genesis after its kind principle


Smith, Wesley J. 2018. Darwinist David Barash Wants Us to Create “Humanzees”. Evolution News & Science Today. (9 March).