Monday, 15 October 2018

”75-Million-Year Old “Ocean Microbes Live Forever


Image courtesy of Eric Erb, Public domain.

Joel Kontinen

Deep below the surface of the South Pacific Ocean, buried beneath 70 metres of seafloor sediment, there are microbes that may be about 75 million years old. These organisms are among the oldest known life forms on the planet, yet exactly how they manage to maintain their near-immortality has remained a mystery,” New Scientist tells us.

Now, New Scientist has found a formula to keep the microbes alive: “James Bradley, a geobiologist at the University of Southern California, and his colleagues think they have solved the puzzle: to stay alive, the microbes stay mostly dead.”

However, the formula proposed by New Scientist is off by a few million years.


Joel, Lucas. 2018. 75-million-year old ocean microbes live forever on almost zero energy. New Scientist (11 October).

Saturday, 13 October 2018

Bible Prophecy Holds True: Alexander Changed the World, beating the Persians at Arbela

Image courtesy of the Guardian, public domain.

Joel Kontinen

With only 47,000 men, Alexander III of Macedon (Greek: Αλέξανδρος Γ΄ ὁ Μακεδών; 356 BC –323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Ancient Greek: Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Μέγα), he brought his army against the Persians.

The Macedonian ruler had conquered everything, retaking Alexandria after a 7-month siege. Then he sought to subdue the Persians.

His victory had ben seen by the biblical prophet Daniel:

While I (Daniel) was observing, behold, a male goat was coming from the west over the surface of the whole earth without touching the ground; and the goat had a conspicuous horn between his eyes. He came up to the ram that had the two horns, which I had seen standing in front of the canal, and rushed at him in his mighty wrath.” saw him come beside the ram, and he was enraged at him; and he struck the ram and shattered his two horns, and the ram had no strength to withstand him. So he hurled him to the ground and trampled on him, and there was none to rescue the ram from his power.” (Daniel 8: 5–7, NASB).

The angel Gabriel told Daniel that the ram represented the Medes and Persians and the goat Greece.

“The Persian numbers were so great that they came close to overwhelming the left and center of Alexander's line. But when the Persian cavalry massed against Alexander's right, leaving their own infantry uncovered in the center, Alexander led a charge that broke through. His men got behind the Persians and attacked them front and back. The Persians panicked and fled. At the loss of less than 500 of his own men, Alexander slaughtered over 40,000 Persians.”

“The victorious Greeks imposed their culture on the Middle East. Koine Greek became widely spoken and it was in this language that the gospel was preached and the New Testament written.”

When the Bible describes historical matters, it always gets the facts, including the tiny details, right. Secular ancient writers were unable to deny the historicity of Jesus.

The Bible tells us about real people and real events, such as the earthquake mentioned by the prophet Amos and the one that occurred during Jesus’ crucifixion.

We should not be surprised, as Jesus Himself says in John 17:17 that God’s Word (the Bible) is truth.


Graves, Dan. 2007. alexander changed the world a Arbela. Christian History

Thursday, 11 October 2018

Erosion and Floods Can Made Hugh Differences

Image courtesy of Виктория Шерина, CC BY-SA 4.0.)

Joel Kontinen

“If falling rocks are big enough and hit the ground hard enough they can create a blast so intense that the rocks are pulverised into powder. Such extreme rockfalls are followed by a shockwave that can snap trees hundreds of metres away-

'They’re extremely weird phenomena, which have been somehow overlooked,' says Fabio De Blasio of the University of Milano-Bicocca in Italy.”

There’s more to it:

Glacial lake outburst floods (GLOFs) are exactly what they sound like. The sudden emptying of a glacial lake in high-topography regions like the Himalaya can quickly destroy everything in its path.

Just think of what the Genesis Flood could have done. It probably was surrounding by fierce earthquakes, only some thousands of years ago.


Cook, l. Kristen et al. 2018. Glacial lake outburst floods as drivers of fluvial erosion in the Himalaya. Science 362, 6410, 53-57.

Marshall, Michael. 2018. Falling rocks can explode so hard that only nuclear weapons beat them. New Scientist (9 October).

Monday, 8 October 2018

“Octopuses given the mood drug 'ecstasy' reveal genetic link to evolution of social behaviors in humans"

Image courtesy of Albert Kok, CC BY-SA 3.0,

Joel kontinen

Evolution is full of just- so. stories. Recently, we heard that octopuses are aliens: they were not made on earth.

Now, there’s another picture in sight. The separating us and them can be breached by a drug:

“By studying the genome of a kind of octopus not known for its friendliness toward its peers, then testing its behavioral reaction to a popular mood-altering drug called MDMA or 'ecstasy,' scientists say they have found preliminary evidence of an evolutionary link between the social behaviors of the sea creature and humans, species separated by 500 million years on the evolutionary tree.”

The study, conducted by Gül Dölen M.D, Ph.D., assistant professor of neuroscience and Eric Edsinger.

They say that octopuses are “clever creatures, who can trick prey to come into their clutches. They are further notorious for escaping from their tank, eating other animals' food, eluding caretakers and sneaking around-”

Gül Dölen says that “certain brain chemicals, or neurotransmitters, that send signals between neurons required for these social behaviors are evolutionarily conserved."


Johns Hopkins Medicine. 2018. Octopuses given mood drug 'ecstasy' reveal genetic link to evolution of social behaviors in humans. Science Daily. (20 September)

Saturday, 6 October 2018

Strange, Blue Jellyfish-Like Creatures in New Jersey

Image courtesy of Bruce Moravchik (NOAA), public domain.

Joel Kontinen

Beaches in New Jersey have seen jellyfish-like critters are commonly known as blue buttons (Porpita porpioat), but they aren’t natives to the state.

Although they look like jellyfish, they are a different set of creatures, known as a “ type of creature (or rather, set of creatures) altogether. They fall into the scientific class Hydrozoa, whose members are each made up of colonies of hydroids — tiny predators that are related to jellyfish. The most famous hydrozoan is probably the Portuguese man o' War (Physalia physalis), which can deliver a venomous sting so powerful that it can kill fish and even injure humans, according to National Geographic.”

These Portuguese man o' Wars can cause considerable trouble to swimmers. As the fall in Geneses 3 promised, they can be hazardous.

However, the blue buttons (Porpita porpita) can not so dangerous, but caution is the safest bet.

Geggel, Laura. 2018. Rare, Blue Jellyfish-Like Creatures Wash Ashore in NJ, Puzzling Beachgoers. Live Science (4 October).

Friday, 5 October 2018

A 520. Million- Year- Old “Naked” Creature

Courtesy of Qiang Ou.

Joel Kontinen

A 3 centimetre (1.1 inche) long Lenisambulatrix humboldti did not have any armour or claws.

This wormlike creature lived in the oceans some “520 million years ago”.

It’s founders compared it with the ferocious creature of the Cambrian.

But even today we have the naked mole rat, that gets animal lovers to get amazed at the creature.


Geggel, Laura, 2018, Without Claws or Armor, 520-Million-Year-Old 'Naked' Critter Was Likely a Loner. Live Science (20 September).

Thursday, 4 October 2018

Frank Foley – British Spy Risked His Life to Save Over 10,000 Jews From Nazi Camps

UK government, public domain.

Joel Kontinen

Frank Foley, (1884–1958) British spy, who was positioned in Berlin in the 1930s, got to know about the concentration camps that were being built. He was an spy, a bit pauchny, wearing horm--rimmed glasses. Not at all like James Bond.

He fought to get Jewish liberated and sent to Israel. After breaking some rules, he got 10,090 Jews to leave Germany.

Here’s what the British press tells about him:

“i>When the rules insisted on £1,000 for a Palestine visa – a huge sum, especially for Jews with bank accounts frozen by the Nazis – Foley would accept payments of £10 on the grounds that £990 would somehow magically appear once the refugee disembarked in the port of Haifa.

When people said they had no money at all, he would gently hint that maybe someone could write them a letter promising them £1,000 …

In late August, days before war broke out, Foley left the Berlin passport office for the last time, but not before he had summoned someone to collect visas for 80 young Jews.

Even after Foley left Germany, Jews were still escaping on papers signed by him. The last group, 300 men, got out on August 28 1939, four days before Hitler’s invasion of Poland started the Second World War.”


Lusher, Adam, 2018.Frank Foley: The mild-mannered nered British spy who defied Hitler and saved 10,000 Jews from the Nazis Independent (18 September)