Thursday, 8 October 2015

Birds Flew over the Heads of Dinosaurs, New Fossil Suggests

Perhaps we’ll soon hear about dino-age flamingos.

Joel Kontinen

Several studies have shown that birds and dinosaurs lived at the same time. A recent headline in ScienceDaily included the phrase “birds flew over the heads of dinosaurs.

And not just any kind of birds, but ones that flew like modern birds.

Reporting on research published in the journal Scientific Reports, ScienceDaily states:

A new discovery documents the intricate arrangement of the muscles and ligaments that controlled the main feathers of the wing of an ancient bird, supporting the notion that at least some of the most ancient birds performed aerodynamic feats in a fashion similar to those of many living birds.

The researchers assume that the ”exceptionally preserved wing” that they studied belonged to a bird that lived “125 million years ago” or roughly 25 million years after the “earliest” bird Archaeopteryx.

They were able to study the bird’s “complex network of muscles,” which indicates that it was still soft and partly unfossilised.

It seems that soft tissue is becoming a nightmare for believers in millions of years.

And it sounds like the dino-to-bird hypothesis is in big trouble.


Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County. 2015. Tiny ancient fossil from Spain shows birds flew over the heads of dinosaurs: Exceptional 125-million-year-old bird discovered. ScienceDaily. (6 October).

Wednesday, 7 October 2015

Mega-Tsunami and Giant Boulders – Evidence for Noah’s Flood

Looks like evidence for Noah’s Flood. Image courtesy of NASA.

Joel Kontinen

A new report published in Science Advances looks at a mega-tsunami that was supposedly caused by a volcano in Cape Verde that partly crumbled into the ocean “some 73,000 years ago”.

It probably “generated an enormous wave that rose to 170 metres [550 feet] of height before it crashed into a nearby island,” a Nature news article states.

The Fogo tsunami, as it is called after the volcano that started it, also threw giant boulders onto land, some of them 200 metres or 650 feet above sea level.

The date was obtained by “measuring the amount of helium-3 on the boulder surfaces that have been exposed since the wave hit.”

However, radiometric dating relies on assumptions that cannot be tested. No one knows the initial amount of helium in the rock, for instance, or whether its escape rate was constant.

A more plausible explanation for the disaster is the global flood of Noah’s day roughly 4,500 years ago.

Fossil graveyards and many geological features, such as The Twelve Apostles, Heavitree Gap and Three Sisters, are best explained by the flood.

Jesus and the New Testament writers taught that it was a true historical event.


Brown, Emma. 2015. Island boulders reveal ancient mega-tsunami. Nature news (2 October).

Tuesday, 6 October 2015

Mars Sloshed with Water?

Water? Image courtesy of NASA/JPL/University of Arizona.

Joel Kontinen

In July, scientists were saying that there’s probably no life on Mars. They were not sure whether the red planet was wet or dry.

But now the story has changed dramatically. A brief report in TIME’s newsletter suggests:

Mars may be the solar system’s most tragic planet. It once had a dense atmosphere; it once fairly sloshed with water; just one of its oceans may have covered two-thirds of its northern hemisphere.”

Sloshed with water? That is an interpretation unsubstantiated by the evidence. This doesn’t seem to prevent speculations, however:

With seasons very much like Earth’s, it could have been home to who knows what kinds of life. But Mars suffered an apocalypse that’s never quite been explained; perhaps meteorite bombardments blasted its atmosphere into space, and the planet’s weak gravity frittered away the rest. The result either way is the cold, dead, dry world we see today. Except now, it seems, it’s not so dry—and perhaps not so dead.”

One of the things these speculations often ignore is that in order to sustain life, a planet needs more than just water. Plate tectonics and a big moon are also needed. Venus is Earth’s sister planet, and yet no one would expect to find life there.

Unlike Mars or Venus, Earth seems to be unique, fine tuned for life.

In other words, God created this planet to be habitable.


Kluger, Jeffrey. 2015. What the Modern Presence of Water on Mars Means. TIME newsletter (28 September).

Sunday, 4 October 2015

More “Cold-Loving” Dinosaurs Found

Cranial reconstruction of Ugrunaaluk kuukpikensis. Image courtesy of Hirotsugu Mori, Patrick S. Druckenmiller, and Gregory M. Erickson, Creative Commons (CC BY 2.0).

Joel Kontinen

Some dinosaurs preferred to live in the cold Arctic, or at least some researchers think that they did. A recent press release posted on ScienceDaily states:

Scientists have uncovered a new species of duck-billed dinosaur, a 30-footlong herbivore that endured months of winter darkness and probably experienced snow. The skeletal remains of the dinosaurs were found in a remote part of Alaska. These dinosaurs were the northernmost dinosaurs known to have ever lived.”

Ugrunaaluk kuukpikensis, as the dinosaur is now known, challenges much that researches thought they knew about dinos. While the climate within the Arctic Circle was probably much warmer than it is today, the winters were dark and the average temperature round 6 degrees Celsius (43 degrees Fahrenheit).

The fossils are assumed to be 69 million years old.

According to a much more logical scenario, the dinosaurs met their end in the global flood of Noah’s day some 4,500 years ago. Regardless of where they lived, the flood waters carried them to the Arctic.

This is not the first time dinosaur fossils were found in the Arctic. You can read about previous discoveries here and here.


Florida State University. 2015. ‘Lost world’ of cold weather dinosaurs discovered. ScienceDaily (22 September).

Wednesday, 30 September 2015

Pluto Is “Strikingly Active,” New Images Show

Snakeskin Pluto? Image courtesy of NASA/JHUAPL/SWRI.

Joel Kontinen

Our solar system frequently causes bewilderment for the current understanding of its age. Above all, planets and moons tend to be geologically active.

The latest images of Pluto are in keeping with this trend:

So far, Pluto has turned out to be strikingly active for an icy world 5 billion kilometres from the Sun. Nitrogen glaciers swirl around the base of towering mountains, which are held up by the sheer rigidity of ice frozen at about −235 °C, 38 degrees above absolute zero.”

Previous images sent by NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft also indicated that Pluto looked surprisingly young and active.


Witze, Alexandra. 2015. 'Snakeskin' Pluto revealed in planetary close-up. Nature news (24 September).

Global Ocean on Saturn’s Moon Enceladus Challenges Billions of Years Dogma

Enceladus does not look old. Image courtesy of NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute.

Joel Kontinen

The solar system does not look as old (4.5 billion years) as it is assumed to be. Time and again, scientists are surprised to find signs of youth.

One such discovery was that of a subterranean global ocean on Enceladus, a moon that probably has geysers:

Beneath an icy crust, Saturn's moon Enceladus … has an ocean that covers its entire globe. NASA's Cassini spacecraft measured wobbles in Enceladus's rotation over more than seven years. The data confirm that the crust is moving separately from the rocky core, meaning that there must be a widespread layer of liquid between them, says a team led by Peter Thomas of Cornell University in Ithaca, New York.”

This is yet another discovery that challenges the billions-of-years dogma.


Global ocean on Enceladus. Nature 525, 428 (24 September 2015).

Monday, 28 September 2015

Mutations: Evolution Going in the Wrong Direction

Evolution’s Achilles’ Heels. CMI’s DVD shows why evolution doesn’t work.

Joel Kontinen

Evolution is full of enormous problems that cannot be solved. The goo to you via the zoo model does not work. Mutations cannot create new genetic material for natural selection to choose from.

It is questionable whether beneficial mutations exist at all. While some may bring about beneficial results, such as the one causing sickle-cell anemia, which protects against malaria, they do not add new genetic information. They reduce it.

(One of the leading experts on sickle cell disease is Dr Felix Konotey-Ahulu, who is a creationist.)

Mutation controls in cells tend to make things very awkward for Darwinian evolution.

In a brief video clip from Evolution’s Achilles’ Heels, Dr. Robert Carter talks about purported beneficial mutations.