Saturday, 22 September 2018

Prof. Steven Taylor: Soft Tissue, Proteins and Carbon-14 in Dinosaur Remains




Joel Kontinen

At the creation conference, Professor Steven Taylor (University of Liverpool) spoke of the wonders that have made dinosaurs recent.
In just the twenty years since Dr. Mary Schweitzer came up with her discovery of soft tissue in dinosaur bones, many fossils have turned to be too new for evolutionists.

Dr. Schweitzer did not believe in the beginning that the soft tissue was as old as the dinos were: “It’s 65 years old… can’t be that old.” But her subsequent discoveries, all gave the same results.

Prof. Taylor has also done measurements of actual soft tissue. He says that it’s correct to say that the same precautions were used to date the old fossils than new uses. He produced a figure, saying, that the instances to soft tissue had increased all the time in recent years. Actually, all animals had soft tissue, including the ones 500 million years old.

The same is also true of proteins and carbon-14 in dinosaur bone. They could not hold that much time – but they all do.

Wednesday, 19 September 2018

Creation Ministries Tries to get the message Through on three continents

In 2016, Creation Ministries International (CMI) arranged a two-day conference in central London.



Joel Kontinen


On Friday, at 9,00 Am CMI will hold its 2nd European Creation Conference in London. The same ministry is also opening large-scale creation conferences in Australia and the USA.


The European Creation Conference will hold a great number of speakers, from prof. Steve Taylor (discussing the soft tissue, proteins and carbon-14 in dinosaurs), and Pekka Reinikainen (on the origin on man), and includes John Huibers (A modern-day ark).

This conference will be held in the Emmanuel Centre in London.

Using Lignin to Replace Plastic Materials





Joel Kontinen

Plastic is everywhere. even the deepest trenches have been replaced by them. “A plastic bag and other plastic waste have even been found in the nearly 11-kilometre-deep Mariana Trench, the deepest known point in the world’s oceans.”

There is a cure for this. It’s called lignin. It is the substance that’s gets trees stand upright.

According to the Aalto.university press release, Lignin can

• partly or completely replace phenol formaldehyde resin adhesives used in plywood, hardboard, chipboard and laminate.
• be a raw material for biochemicals and functional coatings, which improve, for example, weather durability.
• be a raw material for carbon fibre in, for example, cars and airplanes, as well as a material in production of bioplastics and liquid fuels.

“Lignin is an excellent alternative as a replacement for fossil materials. It is created as a by-product of pulping. Cellulose is a common material that is often discussed and researched, but lignin has not been given as much attention", says Professor Monika Österberg.

It seems that lignin will take care pf the plastic overdose.

Source:


Sipponen, Mika Henrikki et al. 2018. Spatially confined lignin nanospheres for biocatalytic ester synthesis in aqueous media. Nature Communications 9, 2300.


Sunday, 16 September 2018

Where Did We Get Our Phosphorus?


Image courtesy of Lorrie Graham/AusAID, CC BY 2.0.



Joel Kontinen


Phosphorus (P) is one of our planet’s general chemical elements. Without it we would not have RNA , DNA and not ATP, and thus we would not have life.

“’Phosphorus is one of the key elements in biology.’ says Matthew Pasek, an astrobiologist and geochemist at the University of South Florida.”

Now, Pasek, is on a search for who we got our phosphorus in the beginning. “Unlike the other elements essential for life, phosphorus is mainly found in solid form, whereas the likes of hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen are often found as a gas.“ [Studying phosphorus] keeps us grounded in actual hard rock samples. Unlike the others, there is no obvious gas form, so has to come from rock sources,” Pasek says.

Meteorites also contain phosphorus. In Pasek’s thinking, published in the journal Icarus, “found that most phosphorus should be in a solid form everywhere in the Solar System, out to about Saturn.

Mikhail Zolotov, thinks that Pasek’s work ok, but “it is contentious that gas movement toward the Sun, which was not modeled in the paper, could be faster than the diffusion of gas away from the Sun.”

Source:

Wild, Sarah , 2018. How Phosphorus Came in From the Cold. Astrobiology Magazine (September 6).


Friday, 14 September 2018

Bee-eaters Can Find their Flocks After Many Miles and Days Apart


A Pair of Merops apiaster feeding. Image courtesy of Pierre Dalous, CC BY-SA 3.0.,




Joel Kontinen


Swizz researchers outfitted 77 bee-eaters in 2015, and 92 more in 2016 with loggers, and here’s what they found out:

-Multisensor loggers reveal the spatiotemporal group dynamics of migrating birds.

-European bee-eaters ( Merops apiaster) can migrate ∼14,000 km in the same group.

-Groups that separate during migration can reform after ∼5,000 km apart.

These bee-eaters were going from Germany to Angola in winter. With a weight of 5 cm (2 inches), they did this without the help of smartphones and electronic devices, this could never come around by Darwinian devices (i,e., random mutations and natural selection).

Source:

Dhanjal-Adams, Kiran L et al. 2018 Spatiotemporal Group Dynamics in a Long-Distance Migratory Bird. Current Biology 28, 17.
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Wednesday, 12 September 2018

Is Pluto a Planet?

Image courtesy of mage courtesy of Image courtesy of NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Southwest Research Institute.




Joel Kontinen


Pluto lost its planetary status in 2006. At that time, several trans-Neptunian objects beat it for size.

At the time, a planet was defined by 1) It must orbit the sun, 2) it must be massive enough that its gravity pulls it more or less into a spherical shape, and 3) it must clear the neighbourhood around its orbit.

Now, in the journal Icarus, Michael Metzger takes the line that “the third criterion did not match historical usage by scientists and should be revoked.”

Needless to say, Pluto is looking young.

And, as Merzger says. Pluto is "more dynamic and alive than Mars.”

Source:

Bartels, Meghan. 2018 Is Pluto a Planet? New Paper Adds to Decade-Long Debate. Space.com. (September 10).

Monday, 10 September 2018

DNA from a worm in Siberian Permafrost Wriggle to Life –Why Not the Ice-age Horse as Well?

Image courtesy of Bob Goldstein, UNC Chapel Hill , CC BY-SA 3.





Joel Kontinen

In May, scientists said that they had brought an arctic nematode to life. They are small, about 1 millimeter in length. Some are them are found living 1.3 kilometres (0.8 miles below Earth's surface, "deeper than any other multicellular animal".

Image courtesy of Michil Yakovlev/SVFU/The Siberian Times.


Then, why not the ice age foal? Found in last month, from a 100-meters (328-foot) deep Batagaika crater. The horse was 98 centimetres (39 inches) tall. “Its mummified remains were so well-preserved by icy conditions that the skin, the hooves, the tail, and even the tiny hairs in the animal's nostrils and around its hooves are still visible.”

Some scientist are interested. Among them is Woo-Suk Hwang, a stem-cell researcher and cloning pioneer South Korea. They " are already collaborating in an attempt to clone a woolly mammoth."

Others are not so optimistic. However, Dna has already been excavated from dinosaur bone.


Sources:

Weisberger, Mindy. Siberian, 2018. Worms Frozen for 42,000 Years in Siberian Permafrost Wriggle to Life. Live Science ( July 27).

Weisberger, Mindy. 2018. This Plan to Bring Back an Extinct Ice-Age Horse Species Is an extreme Long Shot, Scientists Say. Live Science (6 September).