Friday, 16 November 2018

Rare Bird Found in America,Throws Light on Dino-Era Birds.

An earlier example of an enantiornithine. Image courtesy of Durbed, CC BY-SA 3.0.


Joel Kontinen

A 75-million-year-old fossil, from a bird about the size of a turkey vulture, is the most complete skeleton. Discovered in North America of what are called enantiornithines, it lived with dinoes.

It is quite likely that, if you saw one in real life and just glanced at it, you wouldn’t be able to distinguish it from a modern bird,” Study participant Jessie Atterholt said.

She went on to say: “That by the late Cretaceous, enantiornithines had evolved advanced adaptations for flying independent of today’s birds. In fact, they looked quite similar to modern birds: they were fully feathered and flew by flapping their wings like modern birds. The fossilized bird probably had teeth in the front of its beak and claws on its wings as well as feet. Some enantiornithines had prominent tail feathers that may have differed between male and female and been used for sexual display.”

“These rough patches are quill knobs, and in modern birds they anchor the wing feathers to the skeleton to help strengthen them for active flight. This is the first discovery of quill knobs in any enantiornithine bird, which tells us that it was a very strong flier.

How could these birds become extinct, DINO-Era birds showed just the opposite? They’ve drove with the dinoes, but then they vanished away.

Source:

Sanders, Robert 2018. Rare Fossil Bird Deepens Mystery of Avian Extinctions. Berkeley.edu (13 November)

Wednesday, 14 November 2018

Holocaust I: German Armies Performed the First Holocaust in Africa

Austrian anthropologist Felix von Luschan made a call for people to send skulls to Germany.



Joel Kontinen

Charles Darwin has cast a shadow on African heritage and its people. Just remember, what he did to the Herero and other people in Namibia. In effect, Darwin instigated the first holocaust in Africa.

They did this also in what is presently called Tanzania.

The Austrian anthropologist Felix von Luschan made a call for people to send skulls to Germany. The von Luschan collection, originally contained 6,300 skulls.

Mangi Meli, a chief from the north of what is now Tanzania, was executed in 1900 for his role in a rebellion against German colonial rule. A relative has searched for his skull, but hasn’t found him.

After he died, Mangi Meli body was decapitated and his head was taken to Germany.

The Sunday Express told says that many skulls were sent to Germany “to prove the similarity between the Nama and anthropoid apes”. This was not a distortion but an application of Charles Darwin’s writings in The Descent of Man.

Source:

The search in Germany for the lost skull of Tanzania's Mangi Meli BBC News (14 November).




Monday, 12 November 2018

Dino Soft Tissue Is Toast, Scientist Proclaim

Image courtesy of AAAS.



Joel Kontinen

Did you know that burnt toast and dinosaurs bones have a common trait?

"We took on the challenge of understanding protein fossilization," said Yale paleontologist Jasmina Wiemann, the study's lead author. "We tested 35 samples of fossil bones, eggshells, and teeth to learn whether they preserve proteinaceous soft tissues, find out their chemical composition, and determine under what conditions they were able to survive for millions of years."

Now, dinosaur bone could not last that long. They are believed to have degraded in 4 million years:

Fossil soft tissue in dinosaur bones has been a controversial topic among researchers for quite some time. Hard tissues, such as bones, eggs, teeth, and enamel scales, are able to survive fossilization extremely well. Soft tissues, such as blood vessels, cells, and nerves -- which are stored inside the hard tissue -- are more delicate and thought to decay rapidly after death. These soft tissues are composed mainly of proteins, which are believed to completely degrade within about four million years.

Yet dinosaur bones are much older, roughly 100 million years old, and they occasionally preserve organic structures similar to cells and blood vessels. Various attempts to resolve this paradox have failed to provide a conclusive answer
.”

Now they can – with the toast comparison.

In 1997 Dr. Mary Schweitzer, a paleontologist at North Carolina State University, found remnants of red blood cells in a in a T. rex bone. She did not believe in the beginning that the soft tissue was as old as the dinos were: “It’s 65 years old… can’t be that old.”

After that, she found collagen, haemoglobin, elastin and laminin in dinosaur fossils.

At the time, evolutionists were reluctant to believe that the discovery was genuine but later Schweitzer and her research team found remnants of haemoglobin and collagen in a Tyrannosaur estimated to be 68 million years old.

In early 2009, Dr. Schweitzer and her colleagues found collagen, haemoglobin, elastin and laminin in a hadrosaur assumed to be 80 million years old.

The Hadrosaur bone throws a cloud on the belief in millions of years.

Now, they are to have found it in the Cambrian animals, as well. The trick to solve the problem with toast is just to saveguard the belief in millions of years.

Source:

Yale University. 2018. A toast to the proteins in dinosaur bones. Science Daily (9 November).

Saturday, 10 November 2018

Why Did Our Forefathers Start Painting Similar Structures at The Same Time?

The drawing looks a bit like this. Lhfage, CC0.




Joel Kontinen

Nature has published a study on ancient drawings in Indonesia. This discovery, a 40,000- years old rendering of arts and hands, "indicates that figurative cave art … didn't begin in Europe as many scientists thought, but rather in Southeast Asia during the last ice age, the researchers said.”

This is an enigma for evolutionary scientists. How could drawings resemble so much those found in Europe and elsewhere?

This happens on three occasions:

Evolution happens in places in which it was not supposed to happen. In this instance, man gained the art to describe animals some “52,000 and 40,000 years ago, includes hand stencils and reddish-orange ochre-drawn animals.”

Then, 20,00 years go past and the artists “favored a dark mulberry-purple color and painted hand stencils, abstract signs and human-like figures wearing elaborate headdresses and engaging in various activities, such as hunting or ritualistic dancing, the researchers said.

Next, “humanlike figures, boats and geometric designs that were mostly drawn with black pigments, the researchers said” were made 4,000 years ago.

However, the artists were still living in caves 20,000 years ago. Actually, scientist have overestimated the time man was thought to have developed.

We might contrast this to what the Bible has to say about humans, At the beginning, they built cities and in the sixth generation a man rose, who “was the father of all who play stringed instruments,” and his brother “forged all kinds of tools out of bronze and iron.” ( Genesis i4:21–22, New International Version).

Source:

Geggel, Laura. 2018. World's Oldest Animal Drawing, Discovered in Borneo Cave, Is a Weird. Cow Beast. Live Science (7 November)


Thursday, 8 November 2018

Bacteria Still Uses Same Password for Making Spores

Bacilli still used the same password for making spores. Image courtesy of Y tambe, CC BY-SA 3.0.



Joel Kontinen

Evolution is still not happening.

When it comes to changing their passwords, bacteria are just as bad as you and me — maybe even worse. A Carnegie Mellon University research team has found that despite 2.7 billion years of evolution, bacteria are still using the same “password” to initiate the process for making spores. Their findings were published in the September issue of PLOS Genetics.”

Astrobiology Magazine had this to say on the issue:

The Carnegie Mellon researchers, led by the Department of Biological Sciences’ Dannie Durand, used computational and experimental techniques to study how the signaling network that causes Bacilli and Clostridia to form spores has evolved since the two bacteria diverged from a common ancestor 2.7 billion years ago.”

Bacteria are very lazy to not to have evolved over more than 2 billion years. Here a list on what animals have desisted Darwin for so long.

Source:

Bacteria’s password for sporulation hasn’t changed in 2.7 billion years hasn’t changed to way they make spores. 27 September 2018. Astrobiology Magazine.

Tuesday, 6 November 2018

Charles Darwin “Was Not a Scientist”



Image courtesy of Leonard Darwin - Woodall 1884, public domain.




Charles Darwin



Charles Darwin has been championed as a trail blazer, freeing the world of God’s Word. At times, some people have crossed swords with him.

The latest is Josh Greenberger’s attempt to disrobe him. He shows that Darwin was not a scientist. He shows that Darwin was neither anything that would make him an authority of live.

Darwin only succeeded in Theology: “At the age of 22, Charles Darwin received a degree in theology, of all things.”

- “Basically, his theory was based on pure imagination.”

- The fossil record, though, shows life forms appearing fully formed – a “serious” difficulty in Darwin’s eyes.

Then he brings up Gregory Mendel, who studies peas, “based his theories on extensive research and experimentation, which began in 1856.” Mendel showed that “nearly 30,000 pea plants followed over eight generations.” They did not grow into different species.

He then brings up evolutionary biologist Richard Lenski, who “cultivated 12 populations of bacteria that originated from one single Escherichia coli (E. Coli) bacterium. After more than 44,000 generations, Lenski noticed a similar pattern in all 12 populations; This experiment speaks volumes of speciation’s non-randomness.”

We might add an idea that is currently making its rounds in the scientific literature: bacteria’s password for sporulation (i.e. the idea of making spores) hasn’t changed in 2.7 billion years. It hasn’t changed hasn’t changed to way they make spores.

Greenberger proposes that Darwin made news by favouring a worldview that knows nothing of God.



Source:

Josh Greenberger. 2018. Charles Darwin Was Not a Scientist. Jewish Press (1 November).

Sunday, 4 November 2018

A Blue Dragon Fish Doesn’t Look Like a Fish

Image courtesy of Sylke Rohrlach, CC BY-SA 2.0.



Joel Kontinen

The deep sea is full of wonders. (See examples here and here.)

It looks like an eel,(which is a living fossil), but it isn’t. The blue dragon fish is small, weighing circa 2–50 cm (0.8 –20 inches).

They don’t like the surf; they usually are found at a dept of 1,500 metres in the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian oceans. they visualise their prey with the help of glowing barbels.

A Barbel ”is a slender, whiskerlike sensory organ near the mouth.” It known to migrate vertically whilst capturing its prey.

Everything the Lord made beautiful.

Source:

Dragon Fish Facts no date Dragon Fish Diet & Habitat.